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大地震后紧急医疗救护的效果:2008年汶川地震的经验

Emergency medical rescue efforts after a major earthquake: Lessons from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake

来源: 发布时间:2012-5-8
作者:Zhang, L Liu, X Li, Y Liu, Y Liu, Z Lin, J Shen, J
期刊: LANCET NEUROL2012年1月9818期379卷

Major earthquakes often result in incalculable environmental damage, loss of life, and threats to health. Tremendous progress has been made in response to many medical challenges resulting from earthquakes. However, emergency medical rescue is complicated, and great emphasis should be placed on its organisation to achieve the best results. The 2008 Wenchuan earthquake was one of the most devastating disasters in the past 10 years and caused more than 370 000 casualties. The lessons learnt from the medical disaster relief effort and the subsequent knowledge gained about the regulation and capabilities of medical and military back-up teams should be widely disseminated. In this Review we summarise and analyse the emergency medical rescue efforts after the Wenchuan earthquake. Establishment of a national disaster medical response system, an active and effective commanding system, successful coordination between rescue forces and government agencies, effective treatment, a moderate, timely and correct public health response, and long-term psychological support are all crucial to reduce mortality and morbidity and promote overall effectiveness of rescue efforts after a major earthquake
 
Correspondence Address: Zhang, L.; Institute of Military Health Management, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China; email: zllrmit@yahoo.com.cn

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